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中国与印尼镍资源及产业发展分析
作者:Guole   发布时间:2019-07-03   浏览:

1560780530247

A    全球及印尼镍资源分布

亚博全站QUANQIUNIEZIYUANCHULIANGSHIFENFENGFU,NIEKUANGZAIDIQIAOZHONGDEHANLIANGYUEWEI0.018%。NIEKUANGKEFENWEIHONGTUNIEKUANG(YANGHUANIEKUANG)HELIUHUANIEKUANG。HONGTUNIEKUANGZHUYAOFENBUZAINANBEIHUIGUIXIANYINEIDEREDAIGUOJIA,ZHUYAOYOUGUBA、BAXI、YINNI、FEILVBIN、AODALIYA、XINKALIDUONIYA、BABUYAXINJINEIYADENG;LIUHUANIEKUANGZHUYAOFENBUZAIJIANADA、ELUOSI、AODALIYA、ZHONGGUOHENANFEIDENG。

1560780530152

图为全球镍矿分布

亚博全站JUUSGSSHUJU,2017NIANQUANQIUNIECHULIANGYUE7400WANDUN,ZIYUANCHULIANGJIWEIFENGFU。QIZHONG,YUE60%WEIHONGTUNIEKUANG,40%WEILIUHUANIEKUANG。FENGUOJIALAIKAN,QUANQIUNIEKUANGCHULIANGZUIFENGFUDEGUOJIAWEIAODALIYA,2017NIANCHULIANGGAODA1900WANDUN,ZHANQUANQIUCHULIANGYUE25%。QICIWEIBAXI1200WANDUN,ELUOSI760WANDUN。ZHONGGUO2017NIANCHULIANGJINWEI290WANDUN,YILIUHUANIEKUANGWEIZHU,ZHANQUANQIUCHULIANGBUZU4%,DALIANGYILAIJINKOU。

YINNINIEKUANGZIYUANXIANGDUIJIZHONG,JIZHONGZAISULAWEIXIDAOJIFUJINDAOYU,SULAWEIXIDAONIEKUANGZIYUANZHANYINNINIEKUANGZONGZIYUANYUE80%。SULAWEIXIDAOSHIYINDUNIXIYAZHONGBUDEYIGEDAXINGDAOYU,LUDIZONGMIANJIWEI17.46WANPINGFANGGONGLI。SULAWEIXIDAODAOXINGLEISIYIGEDAXIEDEYINGWENZIMU“K”,DANGDIRENSUCHENGDAKDAO。DAONEIDUOGAOSHANSHENGU,SHAOPINGYUAN,SHIYINNISHANDIMIANJIBIZHONGZUIDADEDAOYU,YINNIQINGSHANJIDIBIANWEIYUGAIDAOSHANG。

亚博全站YUANSHENGNIEDEZHUYAOXIAOFEIDUANSHIBUXIUGANG、DIANCHI、DIANDU、HEJINSIDAKUAI。QIZHONG,ZHONGGUOBUXIUGANGCUGANGCHANLIANGCHENGXIANJINGPENSHISHANGZHANG,2000NIANZHONGGUOBUXIUGANGCUGANGCHANLIANGJIN52WANDUN,ERDAOLE2017NIANCHANLIANGZENGJIADAO2346WANDUN,ZHANQUANQIUZONGCHANLIANGCHAOGUOYIBAN;ERTONGSHI,ZHONGGUOCHAOGUO80%YUANSHENGNIEDOUYONGYUBUXIUGANGSHENGCHAN,BUXIUGANGCHANYEQUANNIANXIAOHAOQUANQIUCHAOGUO65%NIEXIAOFEILIANG。

1560780530809

图为全球镍消费领域占比

ZHONGGUOJINGJIKUAISUZENGZHANG,BUJINSHIBUXIUGANGXINGYEPENGBOFAZHAN,YETUIDONGLEGUOJIDIANJIENIEJIAGEDECHIXUSHANGZHANG,2007NIANLMENIEGENGSHIDADAOJIAGEDINGFENG——CHAOGUO5WANMEIYUAN/DUN。ZHENGSHIYOUYUDIANNIEJIAGEDESHANGZHANG,BUXIUGANGQIYEMIANLINGAOCHENGBENFUDAN,TONGYANGLIUHUANIEKUANGGONGYINGKAISHIGENBUSHANGZHONGGUOSUDU。ZHEIXIENIANLAI,LIUHUANIEKUANGCHULIANG、PINWEICHIXUXIAJIANG,ZHEIDAOZHICONGYEZHEBUDEBULINGPIXIJING,ZHEIYEYOULENIESHENGTIEDENGSHANGSHIJIEWUTAIDEJIHUI。

1560780530131

图为港口红土镍矿

LIUHUANIEKUANGHEHONGTUNIEKUANGXUANKUANGHEYELIANGONGYICUNZAIJIAODACHABIE。LIUHUANIEKUANGXUGENJUKUANGSHIJIBIEXUANYONGBUTONGDEXUANKUANGFANGFA,ZAIJINXINGYELIAN。LIUHUANIEKUANGDEYELIANFANGFAZHUYAOCAIYONGZAOLIURONGLIAN,JIJIANGGEZHONGLIUHUANIEKUANGCAIYONGBUTONGDEHUOFAYEJINGONGYILIANCHENGDINIELIU,ZAIJIANGDINIELIUYONGZHUANLUCHUICHENGGAONIELIU(LIUHUANIEHELIUHUATONGDEHEJIN)。GAONIELIUZAIJINGGUONIEJINGLIANCHANGDEBUTONGJINGLIANFANGFASHENGCHANCHUBUTONGDENIECHANPIN。GANSUJINCHUAN、XINJIANGXINXINKUANGYEDENGGONGSIJUNCAIYONGGAIGONGYISHENGCHANDIANJIENIE。

亚博全站HONGTUNIEKUANGDUOCAIYONGPOSUI、SHAIFENDENGGONGXUYUXIANCHUQUFENGHUACHENGDURUO、HANNIEDIDEDAKUAIJIYAN,RANHOUZHIJIEYELIAN。YANGHUANIEKUANGDEYELIANFUJIFANGFAKEFENWEIHUOFAHESHIFALIANGDALEI。HUOFAJUTIKEFENWEIZAOLIURONGLIAN、NIETIEFAHELITIEFA,SHIFAKEFENWEIHAIYUANBEISHAO-CHANGYAANJINFA、GAOYASUANXIFADENG。

B    镍铁冶炼工艺介绍

亚博全站NIETIEDESHENGCHANGONGYIYESHIWUHUABAMEN,FENFANFUZA。GENJUYELIANSHEBEIKEFENWEIHUIZHUANYAO-DIANLU(RKEF)、GAOLU、DIANLUDENGGONGYI,MUQIANRKEFSHIYELIANHONGTUNIEKUANGDEZHULIUGONGYI。

RKEFGONGYIJIHUIZHUANYAO-KUANGRELUGONGYI,GONGYICHENGSHU、SHEBEIJIANDANYIKONG、SHENGCHANXIAOLVGAO,DANSHIQIBUZUZHICHUZAIYURONGLIANWENDU(1500℃ZUOYOU)JIAOGAO,XUXIAOHAODALIANGYEJINJIAOHEDIANNENG,SHENGCHANCHENGBENGAO,QIEYOUFENCHENWURANDENG。ERQIE,KUANGSHIHANNIEPINWEIDEGAODIDUIHUOFAGONGYIDESHENGCHANCHENGBENYINGXIANGJIAODA,KUANGSHINIEPINWEIMEIJIANGDI0.1%,SHENGCHANCHENGBENDAYUEZENGJIA3%—4%。GAIGONGYISHIHECHULIMEIZHIGUISUANYANXINGHONGTUKUANGAXING、ZHONGJIANXINGHONGTUKUANGC1、C2XING,QIENiPINWEI>1.6%,ZUIHAO1.8%,ZHEIYANGYOULIYUJIEYUESHENGCHANCHENGBEN。

RKEFGONGYILIUCHENGWEIKUANGSHIPEILIAO—HUIZHUANYAOGANZAO—HUIZHUANYAOBEISHAO—LURONGLIANCUNIETIE—LFLUJINGLIAN(HUOJIXIEJIAOBANTUOLIU)—JINGZHINIETIESHUICUI—CHANCHUHEGENIETIELI。

1560780530888

图为RKEF冶炼镍生铁

亚博全站ZHONGGUOGUONEIZUIZAOCAIYONGDAXINGJUXINGKUANGREDIANLUSHENGCHANNIETIEDERKEFGONGYIDESHIQINGSHANJITUANTOUZIJIANSHEDEFUANDINGXINNIETIEGONGSI,YOUZHONGGUOENFEIGONGCHENGJISHUYOUXIANGONGSISHEJI,XIANGMUCAIYONG2TIAOΦ5×40mGANZAOYAO、4TIAOΦ4.8×100mHUIZHUANYAO、4TAI33000KVAYUANXINGKUANGRELU。DAOMUQIANWEIZHI,ZHEILIANGTIAORKEFSHENGCHANXIANSHENGCHANWENDING、ZHIBIAOLIANGHAO,CHENGBENGUONEIZUIDI。

亚博全站SHAOJIE—GAOLUHAIYUANRONGLIANGONGYISHIGUONEIJINJINIANFAZHANQILAIDEHONGTUKUANGYELIANGONGYI。GAOLUSHENGCHANNIETIEHESHENGCHANSHENGTIEZAIJISHUSHANGDACHABUCHA,MUQIANGUONEIGAOLUSHENGCHANDINIESHENGTIEJIAODUO,YUANLIAOYIBANSHIHANNIE1%ZUOYOUHONGTUNIEKUANG,SHENGCHAN2%HANNIELIANGDEDINIESHENGTIE,TONGCHANGJIAOBIZAI0.8ZUOYOU(800GONGJINJIAOTAN/DUNNIESHENGTIE)。CONGJISHUCENGMIANJIANG,SHAOJIE—GAOLUHAIYUANRONGLIANGONGYICUNZAIZHEGAOLUTIJILIYONGLVDI、JIAOTANXIAOHAOLIANGDA、SHAOJIEWURANYANZHONG、NIESHENGTIEHANLINGAO、NIEHUISHOULVDIDENGQUEDIAN。

亚博全站GAOLUSHENGCHANNIETIEDELIUCHENGZHUYAOSHIKUANGSHIGANZAOSHAIFEN(DAKUAIPOSUI)—PEILIAO—SHAOJIE—SHAOJIEKUANGJIAJIAOTANKUAIJIRONGJI(YINGSHI)RUGAOLURONGLIAN—NIETIESHUIZHUDINGHERONGZHASHUICUI—CHANCHUNIETIEDINGHESHUICUIZHA。

1560780530820

图为烧结-高炉还原法

亚博全站SUIZHEGUOJIACHANYEZHENGCEDEDIAOZHENG,DALIANG500mYIXIADELIANTIEGAOLUBEITAOTAI,DANYOUYUGUONEIBUXIUGANGYONGNIEJINZHANG,HONGTUNIEKUANGDALIANGJINKOU,JIAZHIDANGDIZHENGFUWEILEJIEJUEJIUYEWENTIHECHUANGZAOSHUISHOU,ZHEIXIEBEITAOTAIDEGAOLUYOUBEIYONGYUHONGTUNIEKUANGDECHULI,SHENGCHANHANNIE3%—5%DENIETIE。

HUIZHUANYAO-DIANLUFAHAIYUANGONGYISHIGUONEIJIAOWEICHANGYONGDEYIZHONGHUOFAYELIANGONGYI,LIUCHENGJIANDANFENWEIYIXIAJIGEGONGXU;GANZAOBEISHAO,KUANGSHIZAIZHIJING3m、ZHANG80mDEHUIZHUANYAONEI,YONGREMEIQIJIAREZHI650℃—700℃,QUCHUQUANBUFUZHESHUIHE60%—70%DEJIEHESHUI;RONGLIANHAIYUAN,REKUANGSHIZAIDIANLUNEIRONGHUACHENGKUANGRONGTI,SUIHOUHAIYUANFENKAICUNIETIEHETIEZHA;JINGLIAN,YIBANCAIYONGGANGBAOJINGLIAN,TUOLIU、LIN。

1560780530527

图为回转窑-电炉还原法

HUIZHUANYAO——CIXUANGONGYIYOUMINGZHIJIEHAIYUANGONGYI,MUQIANSHIJIESHANGCAIYONGCIGONGYIDEZHIYOURIBENYEJINGONGSIDAJIANGSHANYELIANCHANG。CIGONGYIBEIGONGRENWEISHIMUQIANZUIWEIJINGJIDECHULIHONGTUNIEKUANGDEFANGFA,QIZUIDATEDIANSHISHENGCHANCHENGBENDI,NENGHAOZHONG85%NENGYUANYOUMEITIGONG,DUNKUANGHAOMEI160—180kg,ERDIANLURONGLIANNIETIEGONGYINENGHAO80%YISHANGYOUDIANNENGTIGONG,DUNKUANGDIANHAO560—600kwh。DANSHIGAIGONGYICUNZAIDEZHUYAOWENTISHIHUIZHUANYAODEJIEQUANJIHUISHOULVWENTI,DAJIANGSHANYELIANCHANGSUIJINGDUOCIGAIJIN,GONGYIJISHURENGBUGOUWENDING。

C    印尼NPI产业现状

亚博全站NIETIESHIZAILIANGANGGONGYEZHONGZUOWEIHEJINYUANSUTIANJIAJI,KETIGAOGANGDEKANGWANQIANGDUHEYINGDU。

DABUFENDEHONGTUNIEKUANGSHIYONGYUYELIANNIETIEDE,XINGYELITONGCHANGJIANGNIEHANLIANGCHAOGUO15%DECHANPINCHENGZHIWEINIETIE,15%YIXIACHANPINCHENGZHIWEINPI,YOUYUNIEZIYUANZHUYAOJIZHONGZAISULAWEIXIDAO,YINCIYINNIDABUFENNPIGONGCHANGSHELIZAIGAIQUYUNEI,QIZHONG,ZHONGSULAWEIXISHENGZHONGYOUQINGSHANJITUAN、XINHUALIAN,YIJIYOUKENENGZAIWEILAITOUCHANDEHENGSHUNZHONGSHENG、YINHAIWANXIANG,3YUEGAISHENGNIESHENGTIECHANLIANGZHANYINNI3YUENIESHENGTIECHANLIANGDEYUE64%。

亚博全站CIWAI,DONGNANSULAWEIXISHENGZHONGYOUDELONG、Ifishdeco,QICHANLIANGZHAN3YUEYINNINIESHENGTIECHANLIANGDEYUE24%。SHENGXIADEZHUYAOTOUCHANDIYOUBEIMALUGUSHENG、NANSULAWEIXI、MALUGUSHENGYIJIWANDANSHENG;BEIMALUGUSHENGZHONGYOUXINXINGZHUGUANYIJIJINNIANYOUWANGTOUCHANDEJINCHUANXIANGMU,HAIYOUQINGSHANJITUANCANYUDEWedaBayGONGYEYUANYEZAIBEIMALUGUSHENG,ZHAN3YUEYINNINIESHENGTIECHANLIANGDEYUE9%;NANSULAWEIXISHENGZHONGYOUHUADISHIYE;MALUGUSHENGZHONGYOUZHENSHIXIANGMU;WANDANSHENGYOULIANGGEYINNIBEIJINGDEQIYE:IndoferroHESHIJIYEJIN。

1560780530492

全球原生镍供给增速放缓

D    中国镍铁产业发展

MUQIANZHONGGUONIETIESHENGCHANQIYEZONGSHUZAI150JIAYISHANG,YISHANDONG、JIANGSU、NEIMENGGU、LIAONING、FUJIANDENGDIQUJUDUO,QIZHONGSHANDONGDIQUYIGAOLUCHANGJIAWEIZHU,TONGSHIDIANLUCHANGJIASUIRANSHULIANGSHAODANGUIMOJIAODA,DAIBIAOQIYEWEIXINHAI。SHANXI、JIANGSU、HENANDENGDIQUYEYOUYIDINGSHULIANGDEGAOLUQIYE;ERNEIMENGGU、NINGXIADIQUZEJIBENSHANGJUNSHIKUANGRELUQIYE,QIZHONGNEIMENGGUDIQUZAICHANQIYESHULIANGDUODANCHANNENGJUNJIAOXIAO。

1560780530216

图为高镍生铁产能分布

亚博全站MUQIANLAIKAN,BUXIUGANGCHANGZISHENJIANSHENIETIEXIANGMUYUELAIYUEDUO,RUQINGSHANKONGGUHEHANGUOPUXIANGHEZIDEQINGPUHEJIN,BAOGANGHEZHONGGANGHEZIJIANSHEDEZHONGBAOBINHAINIEYEDENG。CIWAI,SHANDONG、JIANGSUDENGDIBUSHAOZAICHANCHANGJIAYEZAIJIJIMOUHUAKUODACHANNENG,XINGCHENGGUIMOYOUSHI。QINGSHANJITUAN、JIANGSUDELONG、SHANDONGXINHAISHIGUONEIZUIDADESANJIANIETIEYELIANQIYE。

GUONEIQIYEGENGSHIFENFENBUJUHAIWAINIETIE、BUXIUGANGXINGYE,QIZHONGDAIBIAOQIYEWEIQINGSHANJITUAN。ZHIYUGUONEINIETIEXINGYE,SHICHANGGUANZHUJIAODIANZAIYUHUANBAO,GUONEICHIXUQUYANDEHUANBAODUCHAJIANGHUIXIANZHIGUONEINIETIECHANLIANGSHANGSHENG,HUANJUHUASHUO,GUONEINIETIEDEDINGFENGYIGUO,ZUIDUOSHICHAOGUO300JIANIETIECHANGDEFENGGUANGBUZAI,ZAIXINGYEKUISUNXIPAI,ZHONGXIAOQIYEGUANTINGHOU,ZAICISHOUDAOYINNIDICHENGBENNIETIEDECHONGJI,GUONEINIETIECHANGHUOJIANGZAIDUCHUXIANYIBOGUANTINGFENGCHAO。

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